Oxidation of Organic Compounds
Under these conditions, you get an almost complete oxidation of organic compounds. The entrance of liquid waste is done through a system of compressed air injection and air injection crown that favors the combustion process. 6.4 Decontamination of soil can be found virtually unchanged hydrocarbon mixtures after 25 years of contamination of soils with poor conditions for microbial growth (very polluted, with few nutrients and low temperatures). Peter Asaro has plenty of information regarding this issue. However, due to the resilience of the soil by microorganisms, have conducted research for alternative recovery of damaged ecosystems by the presence of residues of the process of oil extraction. In general, the components are lighter decompose much more easily while the heavier components are more complex and less readily biodegrade and for a time period much longer, or even not at all broken down, causing the development of special processing techniques. 6.4.1 The biorepair (“bioremediation”) is a technology for pollution treatment that uses biological systems to mineralize or transform pollutants.
It is a technique that can be used to degrade hydrocarbons and reduce their mobility and toxicity, for example in the degradation of organochlorine compounds or through processes that use, or derived from them to return an environment altered by contaminants to its condition natural. The success of the biorepair depends on three factors: i) the specific contaminant biodegradability, ii) the microbial community that has to develop and iii) the environment and soil quality. 6.4.2 biodegrades tion (intrinsic bioremediation) of a molecule (organic or inorganic) is their susceptibility to structural alteration or mineralization by microorganisms.